Concrete is the most common building material today. It is used to construct and decorate buildings, bridges, swimming pools, roads, floors, walls, concrete patios, airport runways, and so on.
All of these structures depend on a man-made material with a simple formula. How is all that concrete made?
The material is made by mixing water, cement, and coarse aggregates, the mixture then hardens over time and is often described as the strongest, most durable building material.
Fresh concrete has many applications and can be cast into circles, rectangles, squares, and more. Concrete is also resistant to heat and radiation.
Concrete is made in normal, standard, and high-strength grades, which indicate how strong the concrete is and how it will be used in construction. What kind do you need?
There are many different types of concrete, some of which can be used for the same purpose. It depends on the goal you wish to achieve. You can choose the appropriate form of concrete to accomplish the task.
This article contains the 3 most popular types of concrete used in building and construction. Our guide can help you decide based on your project requirements.
This concrete combines all the basic ingredients concrete, sand, and aggregate using the 1:2:4 ratio. It is used to build pavements and buildings where there is not a high demand for tensile strength.
Plain or ordinary concrete is also used in dam construction. The durability rating of this kind of concrete is very satisfactory.
Concrete may get destroyed under strong vibrational force but it remains quite durable when compared to other types of building materials.
This type of concrete is mixed, formed, and designed in factories according to individual specifications. They are made into smaller precast units often referred to as concrete blocks.
The blocks are then transported to the construction site where they are assembled to build walls, staircases, lintels, and poles. You frequently see these units transported to work sites as you drive on highways.
There are two major advantages to using precast concrete in construction; they are made to individual specifications by factories,
which ensures that they are properly made and of high quality. Since the units are manufactured in a factory, they are of very high quality.
This is used in modern construction to strengthen concrete. It is done by incorporating steel rods, cables, or wires which are often known as rebars in the concrete before it sets.
Reinforced concrete is used in the construction of buildings, bridges, roadways, ceilings, and other structures that require a high level of strength. When you travel near a construction site, you’re likely to see reinforced concrete with rebar.
Concrete is the most common building material as it is usually preferred for its strength, durability, and resistance to several conditions including heat and radiation. There are however many types of concrete and they are often chosen depending on their future use.
Ordinary concrete is often used for areas that do not require concrete strength, precast concrete allows faster construction and reinforced concrete is best for areas that require a high level of strength such as bridges, roadways, ceilings, and so on.
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